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General Internal Medicine Research

Dr. Monika Safford
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Monika M Safford, M.D.

Dr. Safford is a health disparities researcher with a focus on eliminating disparities in cardiovascular outcomes for individuals with cardiometabolic diseases such as diabetes, especially focused on vulnerable and high-risk populations. She has led four community-engaged behavioral interventional trials, including one actively in data collection funded by PCORI and NHLBI (for more information visit the Southeastern Collaboration to Improve Blood Pressure Control). She also has a large observational research program funded by NHLBI centered around the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. This national cohort study of over 30,000 black and white community-dwelling Americans was the first study to describe racial differences in urinary protein as a risk factor for stroke and heart attack; atrial fibrillation as a risk factor for heart attack; continued racial disparities in the risks of heart attack and especially death at presentation with heart disease; the harms of the Southern diet; and risks conferred by depressive symptoms and stress, among many others.

At Weill Cornell, Dr. Safford is co-PI on Cornell’s HRSA-funded Diversity Center of Excellence. She is also the chief architect of the Patient Activated Learning System, a novel user-driven information system designed to provide health related information in plain language and using state-of-the-art methods of risk communication and visual depiction of information.

Dr. Safford founded, and is an academic member of, the Cornell Center for Health Equity.

Dr. Justin Choi
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Justin Choi, M.D.

Dr. Choi is a hospitalist whose research interest is in diagnostic test evaluation and prognostic models in the inpatient setting. His current research focuses on the diagnostic value of the serum biomarker procalcitonin in community-acquired pneumonia and other infectious diseases. He was awarded a KL2 career development award from the Clinical Trials Science Center (CTSC) to study the prospective development of a predictive model of serum procalcitonin testing in the diagnosis of urinary tract infection in hospitalized older adults.

Dr. Arnab Ghosh
Arnab Ghosh, M.B.,B.S.
Dr. Christopher Gonzalez
Christopher Gonzalez, M.D., M.Sc.
Dr. Parag Goyal
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Parag Goyal, M.D., M.Sc.

Dr. Goyal studies the impacts of geriatric conditions on outcomes among older adults with heart failure. He is supported by grants from the National Institute on Aging and the American Heart Association to explore the adverse effects of polypharmacy and the safety of common medication prescribing patterns in older adults with heart failure. This work forms the basis for ongoing efforts to develop interventions to optimize pharmacotherapy and improve outcomes for older adults with heart failure, At Weill Cornell, Dr. Goyal is also the Founding Director of the Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction Program, which is one of just a few programs in the country specifically dedicated to this condition.

Dr. Lisa Kern
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Lisa M Kern, M.D.

A general internist and health services researcher whose work has focused on how to improve healthcare delivery and how to advance the measurement of those improvements. Dr. Kern’s research portfolio emphasizes themes such as: the delivery of primary care, coordination of care between generalists and specialists, management of chronic disease, and payment reform. Dr. Kern’s work is funded through grants from the National Institutes of Health and the Commonwealth Fund.

Dr. Matthew McCarthy
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Matthew William McCarthy, M.D.

Dr. McCarthy’s studies novel antimicrobial agents in hospitalized patients, with a primary focus on Gram positive bacteria and fungal infections. He also investigates the ethical issues associated with the practice of inpatient medicine. This work serves as the basis for the honors seminar he teaches at the Macaulay Honors College at City University of New York.

Dr. Margaret McNairy
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Margaret McNairy, M.D.

A physician-scientist focused on improving health care in resource-poor populations in Haiti and Africa, particularly for HIV and cardiovascular diseases. Dr. McNairy's HIV research focuses on developing effective and practical models of care, which will reduce HIV-related mortality and decrease HIV transmission at the population level. She also evaluates cardiovascular disease risk factors and other chronic diseases in both HIV-infected and uninfected populations to understand the determinants of chronic diseases in these populations.

Dr. Iris Y Navarro Millan
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Iris Y Navarro Millan, M.D.

Dr. Navarro-Millán’s research focuses on factors that influence outcomes, particularly in cardiovascular (CV) disease among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The goals of this research portfolio aims to develop and implement evidence-based behavioral interventions for patients with RA with a specific target on CV risk reduction, diet, and exercise. The primary method to deliver these interventions is via the internet, which allows for a larger reach to patients, enhanced by the facilitation from peer coaches. Peer coaches are individuals who themselves have either RA or osteoarthritis and are trained to provide support to participants of these interventions. They guide participants to maximize the benefits they can obtain from these interventions. Other areas of Dr. Navarro-Millán’s work are in examining factors that affect morbidity and disability in patients with arthritis.

Dr. Navarro-Millán is an academic member of the Cornell Center for Health Equity.

Dr. Erica Phillips
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Erica Phillips, M.D.

Dr. Phillips’ research efforts have focused on translating basic social and behavioral science theories into effective community-based interventions to address health inequities in high-risk populations.

Dr. Phillips is an academic member of the Cornell Center for Health Equity.

Dr. Laura Pinheiro
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Laura Pinheiro, Ph.D.

A health services researcher working at the intersection of primary care and oncology with a focus on reducing health disparities. Her current research program includes a study to improve the uptake of breast cancer screening among vulnerable women, an evaluation of a cancer care coordination model, and several large, secondary database analyses using SEER-Medicare and Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study.

Dr. Pinheiro is an academic member of the Cornell Center for Health Equity.

Dr. David Scales
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David Scales, M.D., Ph.D.

As a hospitalist and sociologist, Dr. Scales's research interests lie at the intersection of medicine and social science. His current is focus on medical communication, for example, between patients and healthcare professionals or medical researchers to the public, which has led him to study the positive care effect (aka placebo) and medical misinformation. In collaboration with researchers at the Annenberg Public Policy Center at the University of Pennsylvania and Critica, an NGO, he has trained "infodemiologists" as science communication professionals to help push back against medical misinformation and build Covid-19 vaccine confidence in online communities, leveraging cross-disciplinary evaluation methodologies that provide insight into complex systems. An Arabic speaker, Dr. Scales also volunteers as an advisor to health-related NGOs in the Levant with particular emphasis on community health workers.

Dr. Martin Shapiro
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Martin Shapiro, M.D., C.M., Ph.D.

Dr. Shapiro is an accomplished health services researcher. His scholarship has largely focused upon access to care and disparities in health. His most prominent work has been the HIV Cost and Service Utilization Study (HCSUS), which enrolled a national probability sample of persons with HIV and has been widely-recognized for affecting policy in HIV care through studies of access, diffusion of innovation, costs and utilization, mental health, drug use, risk behavior, viral resistance, health outcomes, providers of HIV care, and the impact of the Ryan White Care Act on patterns of care for HIV. He also has studied racial/ethnic and socioeconomic influences on patterns of care, the impact of major diseases on disparities in life expectancy, the impact of copayments on access to care, scientific misconduct in investigational drug trials, patterns of scientific authorship and their appropriateness in the biomedical literature, the quality of pharmaceutical advertising, variations in the use of intensive care, attitudes of physicians to the care of persons with HIV, and appropriateness of patterns of laboratory testing in clinical care.

Dr. Shapiro is an academic member of the Cornell Center for Health Equity.

Dr. Joseph Shin
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Joseph K. Shin, M.D., M.D.

Dr. Shin’s research focuses on understanding the complex trauma and resulting medical and mental health sequelae experienced by victims of human rights abuses. Through his work with the Weill Cornell Center for Human Rights and the Institute for Primary Care Innovations, he seeks a deeper understanding of the experiences of child asylum seekers, victims of gender-based violence, survivors of torture, inmates in immigration detention centers, and victims of domestic sex-trafficking. His work has also informed medical-legal advocacy efforts with partners such as Physicians for Human Rights, The Legal Aid Society, and New York Lawyers for the Public Interest.

Dr. Madeline Sterling
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Madeline R. Sterling, M.D., M.P.H., M.Sc.

Dr. Sterling is a general internist and health services researcher whose work focuses on identifying and addressing the social determinants of health among adults with cardiovascular disease. To do so, she uses quantitative and qualitative research methods, as well as community-partnered approaches. Ultimately, she plans to design novel interventions to improve healthcare delivery for adults with heart failure, helping them to avoid hospitalization and have an optimal quality of life at home.

Dr. Sterling is an academic member of the Cornell Center for Health Equity.